Prasat Muang Tham - Jim Wageman

Prasat Muang Tham, located in Buriram Province not far from Prasat Phanom Rung, was erected during the late 10th and early 11th centuries. It is another temple dedicated to Shiva. As at Phanom Rung, many of the bas reliefs at Muang Tham depict the god Vishnu in his earthly incarnation as Krishna, and fragments of a statue of that god were also found here. Typically for a Khmer temple, Muang Tham’s layout was intended to represent Mount Meru, celestial home of the gods, and its surrounding mountain ranges. Outer and inner galleries enclosed a central tower and four subsidiary towers built entirely on flat land. The five main towers, facing east, were set in a somewhat unusual arrangement, with three in front and two in back, similar to that found at Prasat Sa Kamphaeng Yai in Sisaket Province.